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Touristic routes in Rome

Campo de' Fiori

One of the most famous squares of Rome is Campo De' Fiori. Several folk tales lie over this square. One tells that long time ago it was a flower field. From this tale, its name. Other folk tales instead, assign the name to Flora, the woman pursued by Emperor Pompeo. Today however, Campo De' Fiori is a nice outdoor market place and a meeting place youngsters who live in the Capital.

 

Il Colosseo Roma

Piazza Navona

Walking through Piazza Navona you can look up at the three most suggestive fountains of Rome : the fountain of Neptune or Dei Calderoni; fountain Del Moro and fountain Dei Fiumi.

Piazza Navona is distinguished by its particular oval shape, almost like a stadium. Long time ago it was a true sport centre where gymnastic competitions used to be held. All this could have been also be done thanks to the dimensions of the square which could contain 30,000 people.

But Piazza Navona was also the place in which folk events took place. In 1500, Duke Valentino celebrated his triumph under the name of Caesar; the Spaniards moreover, introduced the custom of shooting into the air on occasion of the Easter procession.

Piazza Navona however is also famous for its architectural buildings like houses, churches, Medieval towers, Renaissance and Baroque style buildings.

 

Il Colosseo Roma

The Pantheon

The Pantheon, the " temple of all gods", is the most extraordinary and well-preserved among the monuments of Rome.
The first temple to be built was a rectangular building made by Agrippa between 27 and 25 BC. The actual structure was made during the ages of the Emperor Adrian, in 118 AD probably the Emperor himself decided to build it.

The location of the Pantheon is not coincidental but legendary. The legend says that in the place where the Pantheon is, Romolo was seized by an eagle while dying and taken to heaven among the gods.

The name Pantheon comes from 2 Greek words: pan, " all " and the theon " gods ". Indeed, in ancient times, it was a small temple consecrated to all the gods of Rome. The history of the Pantheon is quite odd. It was built between 27 and 25 BC by Consul Agrippa and destroyed by an arson and rebuilt by Domiziano in 80 AD. 30 years later, struck by lightning, it burned again. After that it was rebuilt in its current shape by emperor Adrian.

The latter wanted a Latin inscription to be written with bronze letters on the front of the Pantheon: " M.Agrippa L.F. Cos. Tertium. Fecit ", that is : " that was built by Marco Agrippa, son of Lucio, Consul for the 3rd time".

Il Colosseo Roma

The Colosseum

It's one of the symbols of Rome, famous all around the world: it' s the Colosseum. Also called the Flavian amphitheatre, it' s placed in the centre of the Eternal City. It' s the biggest roman amphitheatre which can contain like 50,000 people.

By tradition, The Colosseum is so called because it stands near the statue of the Colossus of the sun-god. The Colosseum was the place where shows and public events used to take place.

Its architectural lines clearly express the features of the first Imperial Rome: curved lines, elliptic plan, arches and vaults linked together in a strong structural way.

The building has an ellipsis of 527 m as perimeter, its planks measures 187,5 m by 156,5 m. the arena inside measures 86m by 54m with a surface of 3.357 m² . today it‘s 48,5 metres high but originally it was 52.

In 1980 The Colosseum was inserted in the World heritage list by UNESCO. Since 2007 it's also one of the seven wonders of the world.